Most people who suffer from gum disease are unaware they have it because this common dental condition is typically painless in the early stages. Therefore, it is crucial to find out its causes and symptoms as well as its prevention and treatment to avoid the detrimental effects of gum disease as early as possible.
Causes of Gum Disease
Though poor dental hygiene is the main cause of periodontal disease, it can also be triggered by other factors such as:
- Side effects of certain medications
- Injury to the gum
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Poor nutrition
Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Bleeding gums – if your gums are bleeding every time you brush your teeth, this can indicate that your gums are not healthy. Even when you brush vigorously, gums should never bleed.
- Persistent bad breath – this is caused by the build-up of hard plaque and bleeding gums.
- Gaps formed between teeth – new spacing is formed between teeth caused by bone loss.
- Loose teeth – because of gum disease, the teeth may eventually become loose due to bone loss or weakened periodontal fibres.
- Receding gums – the margin of gum tissue wears away, exposing more of the tooth or its roots.
- Pus – if there is pus around the teeth and gums, it’s an indication that there’s an infection present.
- Red and swollen gums
- Gum tenderness or pain
Prevention and Treatment
Like any other oral health condition, gum disease is preventable. Good oral hygiene, healthy lifestyle, eating a balanced diet and regular dental check-ups help reduce the risk of developing gum disease.
Gum disease has two main stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the first and mildest form of periodontal disease, which causes the gums to become red, puffy and bleed easily. It can be reversed with professional treatment and good dental home care.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. This time, plaque starts to spread and grow below the gum line. Deeper pockets are also formed between the teeth and gums. As a result, they become filled with pus and bacteria, and toxins produced by bacterial plaque irritate the gums.
Treatments of gum disease are designed to reduce gum inflammation and to improve the symptoms. This may consist of comprehensive dental cleaning, oral hygiene education and treatment of any dental issues that are contributing to the problem.
At Smile Line Dental, we will carefully examine your condition to detect any indications of periodontal disease, and recommend the best solution in order to prevent or stop further deterioration of your teeth and gums.
Your just one step away from having the smile you always wanted. Your dentist in Caroline Spring here at Smile Line Dental give you a fully informed idea of all your treatment options, costs and durations. For more information about our periodontal treatment in Caroline Springs, contact us on (03) 8390 2080 or book your appointment online.